Tuesday, April 30, 2019


1. Introduction:
The Government has extended facility to Government servants to take retirement from service voluntarily with full pensionary benefits before attaining the age of superannuation.
2. Employee has Right to take Retirement:
1. The Administrative Reforms Commission had recommended in its report on Personnel Administration, as follows
“59(1): A Civil servant may be allowed to retire voluntarily if he has completed 15 years of service and given proportionate pension and gratuity.”
2. The above recommendation of the Administrative Reform Commission was considered by Government and it has been decided that Government servants may be allowed to retire voluntarily after 20 years of qualifying service on proportionate pension and gratuity with a weightage of up to 5 years towards qualifying service where applicable, subject to certain condition.
Entry in Service
Age of Voluntary Retirement
Group A and Group B officers who had entered service before attaining the age of 35 Years
After attaining the age of 50 years
Group A and Group B officers other than above and All Group C employees
After attaining the age of 55 years
All employees
On completion of 30 years of qualifying Service
Scientist or technical experts who is –
(i) On assignment under the Indian Technical and Economic Co-operation (ITEC) programme of Ministry of External Affairs and other aid programmes
(ii) Posted abroad in foreign based office of a ministry /Department
(iii) Specific contract assignment to a foreign government
After having been transferred to India resumed the charge of the post in India and served for a period of not less than one Year with fulfilling other conditions.

The following instructions will regulate the voluntary retirement of Central Government Servants pursuance of the Government decision
(i) Government servants who have put in not less than 20 years qualifying service may, by giving notice of three months in writing to the appointing authority, retire from service voluntarily. The scheme is purely voluntary the initiative resting with the Government servant himself. The Government does not have the reciprocal right to retire Government servant on its own, and or this scheme.
(ii) The benefit of retiring pension will be admissible to Government servant retiring under this scheme.
(iii) A notice of less than three months may also be accepted by the appointing authority in deserving cases, with the concurrence of the Ministry of Finance (Department of Expenditure).
(iv) If a Government servant retires under the Scheme of voluntary retirement while he is on leave not due, without returning to duty, the retirement shall take effect from the date of commencement of the leave not due and the leave salary paid in respect of such leave not due shall be recovered as provided in Rule 31 of the CCS (Leave) Rules, 1972.
(v) Before a Government servant gives notice of voluntary retirement with reference to these instructions, he should satisfy himself by means of reference to the appropriate administrative authority that he has, in fact, completed 20 years’ service qualifying for pension.
Note: Appropriate authority means the authority which has the power to make substantive appointments to the post or service from which the Government servants is required or wants to retire.
(vi) A notice of voluntary retirement may be withdrawn subsequently only with the approval of the appointing authority provided the request for such withdrawal is made before the expiry of the notice.
(vii) A notice of voluntary retirement given after completion of 20 years’ qualifying service will required acceptance by the appointing authority if the date of retirement on the expiry of the notice would be earlier than the date on which the Government servant concerned could have retired voluntarily under the existing rules applicable to him. ( e.g. FR 56(k), Rule 48 of the Pension Rules, Article 459(1) of SSRs or any other similar rules) such acceptance may be generally given in all cases except those (a) in which disciplinary proceedings are pending or contemplated against the Government servant concerned for the imposition of a major penalty and the disciplinary authority, having regard to the circumstances of the case, is of the view that the imposition of the penalty or removal or dismissal from service would be warranted in the case for (b) in which persecutions is contemplated or may have been launched in a Court of Law against the Government servant concerned. If it is proposed to accept the notice of voluntary retirement even in such cases, approval of the Minister-in¬charge should be obtained in regard to Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B’ Government servants and that of the Head of the Department in the cases of Group ‘C’ and Group ‘D’ Government servants. Even where the notice of voluntary retirement given by a Government servant requires acceptance by the appointing authority, the Government servant giving notice may presume acceptance and the retirement shall be effective in terms of the notice unless the competent authority issues an order to the contrary before the expiry of the period of notice.
(viii) While granting proportionate pension to a Government servant retiring voluntarily under this scheme, weightage of upto five years would be given as an addition to the qualifying service actually rendered by him. The grant, of weightage of upto five years will, however, subject to the following conditions:
a) The total qualifying service after allowing the weightage should not, in any event exceed 30 years’ qualifying service and
b) The total qualifying service after giving the weightage should not exceed the qualifying service which he would have had, if he had retired voluntarily at the lowest age/ minimum service limit applicable to him for voluntary retirement prescribed under FR 56(k) or article 459 (1) of the CSRs or Rule 48 of the CCS (Pension) Rules or any other similar rule applicable to him.
(a) If a Government servants who could be prematurely retired under FR 560)(1) or could have voluntarily retired under FR 56(k) seeks voluntary retirement under this scheme after he has attained the age of 47 years and has rendered 22 years of service, the weightage in pension would be limited only upto three years.
(b) If a Government servants who could be prematurely retired under FR 56 G) (ii) or could have voluntarily retired under FR 56 (k) seeks voluntary retirement under this scheme after he has attained the age of 51 years and has rendered 24 years of service, the weightage in pension would be admissible upto four years.
(c) If a Government servants belonging to Group ‘C’ who could have voluntary retired under Rule 48 of the CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972 seeks voluntary retirement under this scheme after he has rendered 28 years of service and has attained the age of 48 years, the weightage in pension would be admissible upto five years.
(ix) The weightage given under this scheme will be only an addition to the qualifying service for purpose of pension and gratuity. It will not entitle of pension the Government servants retiring voluntarily to any additional fixation of pay for purposes of calculating the pension and gratuity which will be based on the actual emoluments calculated with reference to the date of retirement.
(x) The amount of pension to be granted after giving the weightage will be a subject to the provisions of Rule 6 of the CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972. The pension will also be subject to the provisions of Rules 8 and 9 of these Rules.
(xi) The scheme of voluntary retirement under these orders will not apply to those who retire voluntarily under the provisions of Rule 29 of the CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972.
(xii) The scheme of voluntary retirement under these orders will also not apply to those Government servants on deputation to autonomous bodies/ public undertakings etc. The absorption of Government servants on deputation to public undertakings/ autonomous bodies etc. in such autonomous bodies/ public undertakings etc. and the grant of retirement benefits to them in respect of their service under government will continue to be governed by the separate set of instructions issued by the Ministry of Finance in this regard.
(xiii) A Government servants giving notice of voluntary retirement may also apply, before the expiry of the notice, for the leave standing to his credit which may be granted to him to run concurrently with the period of notice. The period of leave, if any, extending beyond the date of retirement on expiry of notice but not extending beyond the date on which the Government servants should have retired on attaining the age of superannuation may be allowed as terminal leave as per Rule 39*6) of the CCS (Leave) Rules, 1972 .the leave salary for such terminal leave shall be payable in accordance with the provisions of the para 5 of Ministry of Finance (Department of Expenditure) O.M. No. 16(1)E-IV(A)/76 dated the 23.12.1976.
(xiv) Group ‘A’ Government servants retiring voluntarily under this scheme would continue to be subject to the provisions in the Pension Rules relating to post retirement commercial employment. However, in their cases, permission for the post retirement commercial employment will be granted more liberally than in the case of other Govt. servants retiring under the provisions of FR 56 or Rule 48 of the Pension Rules.
[DP&AR OM No. 25013/7/77 Estt.-(A), dated 26-08-1977]
3. Special Provisions to Accept Notice for VRS under FR 56(k) or 56 (m)
The provisions of Fundamental Rule 56(k), 56(m) and Rule 48 of CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972 relating to acceptance of request of voluntary retirement have been revisited as per the Central Administrative Tribunal, Principal Bench judgement dated 4th August, 2010 in O.A. No.1600/2009 filed by Shri Gopal Singh Purohit v / s UOI & Others to bring them at par with each other.
The matter has ‘been examined in consultation with Department of Pension and Pensioners Welfare and the Ministry of Law. FR 56(k) and 56 (m) have been amended vide Extra Ordinary Gazette Notification No. GSR 27(E), dated 17 January 2014. It shall be open to the appropriate authority to withhold permission to a Government servant who seeks to retire under FR 56(k) or 56 (m) in the following circumstances:
(i) If the Government servant is under suspension ; or
(ii) If a charge sheet has been issued and the disciplinary proceedings are pending; or
(iii) If judicial proceedings on charges which may amount to grave misconduct, are  pending.
Explanation: For the purpose of this clause, judicial proceedings shall be deemed to be pending, if a complaint or report of a police officer, of which the Magistrate takes cognizance, has been made or filed in a criminal proceedings.
[DOPT OM No. No.25013/3/2010-Estt (A), dated 27-02-2014]
4. Request for Voluntary retirement from persons suffering from disability
The undersigned is directed say that vide Department of Personnel and Training’s OM No.18017 /1/2014-Estt.(L), dated 25 February 2015 certain clarifications regarding treatment of leave and absence of disabled Government servants have been issued.
Instances have come to notice where Government servants apply for voluntary retirement under various provisions like Rules 38, Rule 48 and 48A of CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972 or Rule 56 of the Fundamental Rule on account of hardships faced by them due to a disability, as they are unaware of the protection provided by the Section 47 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 (PWD Act). Section 47 of the PWD Act, 1995 is reproduced below for reference:
“Non-discrimination in Government Employment-(1) No establishment shall dispense with, or reduce in rank, an employee who acquires a disability during his service.
Provided that, if an employee, after acquiring disability is not suitable for the post he was holding, could be shifted to some other post with the same pay scale and service benefits; provided further that if it is not possible to adjust the employee against any post, he may be kept on a supernumerary post until a suitable post is available or he attains the age of superannuation, whichever is earlier.
No promotion shall be denied to a person merely on the ground of his disability; provided that the appropriate Government may, having regard to the type of work carried on in any establishment, by notification and subject to such conditions, if any, as may be specified in such notification, exempt any establishment from the provisions of this section.
The issue had come up in Bhagwan Dass & Anr v / s Punjab State Electricity Board (2008) 1 SCC 579, decided by the Hon’ble Supreme Court where the employee who had during his service suffered from blindness, had applied for voluntary retirement. The Hon’ble Supreme court has observed that the Petitioner was not aware of any protection that the law afforded him and apparently believed that the blindness would cause him to lose his job, which was the source of livelihood of his family. In those circumstances, it was the duty of the superior officers to explain to him the correct legal position and to tell him about his legal rights.
Keeping in view the provisions of the Section 47 of the PWD Act, 1995 and the above mentioned judgement, it has been decided that whenever a Government servant seeks voluntary retirement citing medical grounds, or when the said notice has been submitted due to a disability, the administrative authorities shall examine as to whether the case is covered under Section 47 of PWD Act, 1995. In case the provisions are applicable, the Government servant shall be advised that he/ she has the option of continuing in service with the same pay scale and service benefits.
In case a disabled Government servant reconsiders his decision and withdraws the notice for voluntary retirement, his case shall be dealt with under the provisions of the Section 47 read with the DOPT OM dated 25 February 2015 mentioned above. If however, in spite of being so advised, such Government servant still wishes to take voluntary retirement, the request may be processed as per the applicable rule.
[DOPT OM No.25012/1/2015-Estt (A-IV), dated 19-05-2015]
5. Special Voluntary Retirement Scheme for Surplus Central Government Employees
The Expenditure Reforms Commission (ERC) set up by the Government of India has suggested a liberal voluntary Retirement Scheme (VRS) for the employees’ declared surplus. This recommendation, contained in Commission’s second Report on ‘ Optimising Government’s Staff Strength – Some General issues’ has been considered carefully and the Central Government have decided to introduce a special Voluntary Retirement Scheme (VRS) as per details given herein under for the permanent employees declared surplus in any Ministry /Department as a consequence of one or more of the following:-
(i) Implementation of decisions of the Cabinet regarding restructuring of Ministries /Departments;
(ii) Implementation of the recommendations of the Expenditure Reforms Commission;
(iii) Implementation of the decision of a Ministry /Department relating to downsizing/ rightsizing including, Inter alia, restructuring of an organization, transfer of an activity to a State Government, Public Sector undertaking or other Autonomous Organisation, discontinuation of an ongoing activity and introduction of changes in technology; or
(iv) Implementation of work study reports undertaken by the Staff Inspection Unit of the Ministry of Finance or any other body set up by the Central Government or the Ministry /Department concerned.
2. The features of the Special VRS for the employees declared surplus are as under:-
(a) All permanent employees rendered surplus irrespective of their age and qualifying service can opt for the scheme.
(b) An optee of Special VRS will be entitled to receive an ex-gratia’ amount equal to basic pay plus dearness allowance for the number of days worked out on the basis of length of service @ 35 days for each completed year and 25 days for each remaining year. For any part of a year, the number of days, for ex-gratia amount, will be worked out on the basis of 365 days in a year. The ex -gratia amount will be further subject to the following conditions:
i. total number of years to be counted for payment of ex-gratia will not exceed 33 years;
ii. No weightage of additional service will be given for the purpose of calculation of ex-gratia;
iii. The ex-gratia will be subject to a minimum of Rs.25000 or 250 days emoluments, whichever is higher;
iv. The ex-gratia amount should not exceed the sum of the basic pay plus DA that the employee would draw at the prevailing level for the balance of the period of service left before superannuation.
v. The ex-gratia amount will be paid in lump-sum;
vi. The ex-gratia amount upto Rs 5.00 lakhs will be exempted from Income Tax;
(c) A weightage of five years to the qualifying service shall be given under CCS (Pension-) Rules, 1972 to such permanent surplus employees who have rendered a minimum of 15 years of qualifying service on the date they are declared surplus. However, as provided in rule 29 of CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972, the qualifying length of service after taking into account the aforesaid weightage should not be more than the service he would have rendered had he retired on the date of his superannuation.
(d) Encashment of Earned Leave accumulated in the date of relief as per CCS (Leave) Rules, 1972;
(e) Payment of savings element with interest in the Central Government Employees Group insurance Scheme as per rules;
(f) TA/DA as on retirement for self and family for settling down anywhere in India as per Travelling Allowance Rules;
(g) Group A officials opting for the special VRS will be exempted from the operation of rule 10 of the CCS (pension) Rules which stipulates previous sanction of the Government for accepting commercial employment.
3. Payment of ex-gratia to the employees declared surplus and opting for the special VRS within the specified three months period will be over and above the normal retirement entitlements under CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972.
4. The order of voluntary retirement in each case should clearly stipulate that the surplus post held by the retiring incumbent will stand abolished from the date of his/her voluntary retirement.
5. The Identification of surplus employees for the purpose of VRS would be guided
by procedure given in item 3 of Annexure-1 under the heading “Steps for Identification of Surplus staff” to the revised scheme of the disposal of personnel rendered, surplus due to reduction of establishment of Central Government Department/Offices notified vide Circular No 1/18/88-CS-III of DOPT dated 1 April 1989.
6. The permanent employees declared surplus will have to exercise option for special VRS within three months from the date he or she has been declared surplus in any Ministry /Department. Surplus employees presently on the Rolls of the Surplus Cell (Re-designated as the division of Retraining and Redeployment ) of the Department of Personnel & Training as on the date of this OM can also opt for special VRS within three months from this date.
7. In order to facilitate the maintenance of a close watch on the implementation of the scheme, all Ministries/Departments are required to submit quarterly returns to the Surplus Cell of Department of Personnel & Training that may be prescribed by that Cell.
8. Ministry of Finance, etc. are requested to give wide publicity to the contents of this O.M. to the employees declared surplus.
[DOPT OM No. 25013/6/2001-Estt.(A), dated 28-02-2002]

Joint Consultative Machinery (JCM) – FAQs

1. What is Joint Consultative Machinery?
The scheme of Joint Consultative Machinery is a platform for constructive dialogue between the representatives of the staff side and the official side for peaceful resolution of all disputes between the Government as employer and the employees. The scheme was introduced in 1966 with the objectives of promoting harmonious relations and securing the greatest measure of cooperation between the Central 1 Government as the employer and the employees in matters of common concern and with the object of further increasing the efficiency of the public service combined with the well being of those employed. The scheme is a non statutory one mutually agreed upon between the staff side and the official side.
2. What is the applicability of the JCM Scheme?
The scheme covers all regular civil employees of the Central Government, except:
(a)The Class -I services;
(b)The Class-II services, other than the Central Secretariat Services and the other comparable services in the headquarters organisation of the Government;
(c) Persons in industrial establishments employed mainly in managerial or administrative capacity, and those who being employed in supervisory capacity drawing salary going beyond grade pay of Rs.4200/- per month;
(d)Employees of the Union Territories; and
(e) Police personnel.
3. What is the structure of the Joint Councils under the JCM Scheme?
The scheme provides for setting up of Joint Councils at the National, Departmental and Regional / Office levels. The National Council, chaired by the Cabinet Secretary, is the apex body.
4. How are staff side members selected for various Joint Councils?
The representatives of the staff side for various Joint Councils are chosen / selected from members of the recognized service associations/ unions.
5. What is the time schedule for holding meetings of the National/Departmental Councils?
As per the JCM Scheme, ordinary meeting of the National Council/ Departmental Council may be held as often as necessary as but not less than once in four months.
6. How recognition is granted to the staff associations?
The Department of Personnel 86 Training being the nodal department for matters relating to Joint Consultative Machinery and Compulsory Arbitration, has notified Central Civil Services (Recognition of Associations) Rules, 1993 for the purpose of granting recognition to various service associations. Recognition is actually granted by the concerned Ministry/ Department in accordance with the CCS (RSA) Rules, 1993.
In case of any doubt or confusion, the matter is referred to the JCA Section of the Department of Personnel 8.5 Training for clarification/ advice.
7. What are the facilities available to recognised associations?
The recognized associations/ unions enjoy certain facilities like:
(a) Negotiations with the employer;
(b)Correspondence and meetings with the head of the
administrative departments; 
(c) Provision of accommodation for the associations subject to availability;
(d)Facility of special casual leave up to 20 days in a year to the office bearers of the associations.
(e)Payment of T.A/ D.A for attending officially sponsored meetings; and
(f) Facility of seeking transfer of Chief Executive of the Union / association to the Headquarters of the appropriate head of administration.
8. What will happen if there is no agreement between the staff and the official side?
If there is no agreement between the staff and the official side on an arbitrable issue, then the matter is to be referred to the Board of Arbitration if so desired by the staff side.
9. What are the issues on which arbitration is possible? The arbitration is limited to the following issues:
(a) Pay and allowances;
(b)Weekly hours of work ; and (c) Leave
10. Is the award given by the Board of Arbitration binding on the parties?
The award given by the Board of Arbitration is binding on the Government as well as the staff side subject to the overriding authority of the Parliament. The award can be modified/ rejected only with the approval of the Parliament through a formal resolution on grounds affecting national economy or social justice.
Courtesy : www.govtempdiary.com

Reduction to a lower stage in a time-scale reg.


F.No. 4(4) ls7 l2sg I AKR|2014-E&U
Government of India
Ministry of Electronics & IT (MeitY)
Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)
(Enrolment & Update-I)
7th Floor, UIDAI Headquarters,
Bangla Sahib Road, NewDelhi-O1
Dated ' 22nd April, 2019.
Office Memorandum
Sub: Charges to be applicable to the Residents for various Aadhaar services at all Aadhaar Enrolment and Update Centres - reg.
The maximum amount to be charged by all Registrars, for various Aadhaar related services from residents is as follows. Updation of more than one field on single instance will be considered as one update and the applicable charges will be as follows.
i) Aadhaar Enrolment                                -   Free of cost.
ii) Mandatory Biometric updates            -   Free of cost.
iii) Demographic update                           -   Rs.50/- (inclusive of GST)
(any type/ any channel)
vi) Biometric updates                                -   Rs.50/- (inclusive of GST)
(other than mandatory)
v) Aadhaar search using e-KYC/           -   Rs. 30/- per Aadhaar.
Find Aadhaar f any other tool
(including GST) and colour printout on A4 sheet
2. In addition to the above, residents can update their address online bv visiting the website www.uidai.gov.in also. This facility will continue to be free of cost.
3. This issues with the approval of DDG (E&U).
                                                                                                (Prabhakaran C R)
Deputy Director (E&U).
1. All Registrar/Enrolment agencies.
2. Regional Offices of UIDAI
3. Tech Centre of UIDAI.
4. File

Monday, April 29, 2019

Calling For Willingnes to work in Directorate on Deputation/attachment basis

Nature of disciplinary action and quantum of punishment to be commensurate with the gravity of the offence committed-reg

Sunday, April 28, 2019







World Postal News

Saturday, April 27, 2019

Calendar of Departmental & DR examinations

 Calendar  of Departmental & DR examinations

Re-organisation B.D&M Directorate, Parcel Directorate & Mail business of Postal Directorate

Letter from Shri.T.N.Rahate SG FNPO &Acknowledgment from the Department.

Friday, April 26, 2019

Follow up action to the Hon'ble Calcutta High Court's Judgement and Order passed on 07.12.2017 in W.P. No 16021(W) of 2013 files by All India Savings Bank Control Employees Union v?z UOI & Others

Calendar of Departmental & DR Examination scheduled to be held in the year 2019

Calendar of Departmental & DR Examination scheduled to be held in the year 2019

23 rd All India Conference of National Association of Postal Employees Group'C


Extension of old pension scheme under CCS(Pension) Rules 1972 to the employees who were selected During the year 2003 and who had joined service On or after 01/01/2004

Shiva Gopal Mishra
National Council (Staff Side)
Joint Consultative Machinery
for Central Government Employees
13C, Ferozshah Road, New Delhi – 110001
E-Mail : nc.jcm.np@gmail.com 
No.NC-JCM-2019/Pension/NPS                                                                April , 2019
The Secretary
Government of India
Department of Pension and Pensioners welfare
3rd Floor, Lok Nayak Bhawan.
Khan Market, New Delhi.
Sub: Extension of old pension scheme under CCS(Pension) Rules 1972 to the employees who were selected During the year 2003 and who had joined service On or after 01/01/2004.
Ref: 1) Judgment of the Hon’ble High Court of Delhi
Judgment in WP (C)3834/2013 & in WP(C)
2810/2016 dtd. 27/03/2017.
2) Min. of Home Affairs (Pay & Accounts Office)
2018-19/797, dtd. 15th March 2019.
You are aware that the Staff Side of National Council(JCM) is representing in various forums to withdraw the National Pension System and to restore the old Pension Scheme under CCS(Pension) Rules 1972, to the Defence Civilian Employees recruited on or after 01/01/2004, since the NPS is determental to the employees as there is no defined guarantee for Pension during the old age. This was one of the important demand, for which the NJCA has served Strike notice on the Govt. For observing In-definite Strike. However due to the assurance given by the Group of Ministers, the proposed In-Definite Strike was deferred.
Sir, at present based on the Judgment of the Hon’ble High Court of Delhi in the above referred cases, the Ministry of Home Affairs have decided to extend the benefits of the old pension scheme under CCS(Pension) Rules 1972, to the Para-Military forces who were selected during the year 2003, but joined service on or after 01/01/2004. In this regard your kind attention is drawn to the letter of Ministry of Home Affairs, dtd. 15th March 2019 referred at (2) above (copy enclosed for ready reference). The Ministry of Home Affairs have decided to transfer the NPS contribution of the concerned employees to the GPF Scheme and also to bring the employees who were selected during 2003 on the basis of notification issued during 2002/2003 and joined service on or after 2004, under the coverage of CCS(Pension) Rules 1972.
A large number of Central Govt. Employees in various Departments Like Railways, Defence, Postal and other Departments are similarly placed. These employees were selected for appointment during the year 2003, based on the employment notification issued during 2002/2003 however due to delay in receiving the Attestation Forms(Police Verification Report), Medical fitness etc., they were forced to join service on or after 01/01/2004. Due to no mistake of theirs’ they were brought under the coverage of NPS, thereby denying them the benefit of GPF and Defined Guaranteed Pension under the CCS(Pension) Rules 1972. These employees also have now started representing for extending the benefit given to the Home Ministry Staff for them, and their demand is fully justified and is covered under the Judgment of Hon’ble High Court of Delhi.
Sir, in view of the above, it is requested that you may kindly look into the matter and arrange to issue instructions for extending the benefit given to the Para-Military forces in the Home Ministry to the similarly placed Central Govt. Employees by extending them the benefit of Old Pension Scheme under CCS(Pension) Rules 1972. A copy of your instruction may please be endorsed to this office.
Thanking you
Yours faithfully,
(Shiva Gopal Mishra)
Encl: 1) Copy of Ministry of Home Affairs Lt. Dtd. 15th March 2019.
2) Copy of the Judgment of High Court of Delhi, dtd. 12th Feb. 2015 and 27 March 2017.